Open Innovation in Global Networks seems to be an interesting report, by the OECD, on open innovation and how it is now emerging as a global trend. Global here means both that it is found everywhere, but also that networks for open innovation are becoming more and more global. One interesting impact of this fact is that local R&D poles are less important than they were in the past. Since open innovation networks can now expand through many centers in several countries, using in many cases non-formal relationships, being (geographically) close to the sources of innovation could be less important than in the past. Is this signaling a new direction towards “virtual” R&D poles, for which geographical proximity of actors is no longer relevant?